Buki (Georgian Folk Instruments)

Buki is a kind of wind instrument that represents a long brass pipe. It originally comes from the north-west part of Georgia, the region of Svaneti. Inside the funnel-shaped part of pipe, up to first part it is inserted wooden stem, (trunk), and in the second part of pipe it is inserted copper trunk. Length of the instrument is 1270мм, diameter of a funnel 220мм, and diameter of a blowing place is 28мм.

It is thought to be battle instrument. In the poem of great Georgian poet Shota Rustaveli “Knight in the panther’s skin” it is brightly shown that during crowning the king it was accepted “to beat” (to play) on Buki. For example, when Rostevan has appointed Tinatin sovereign, we read “Here Buki began to sound and cymbals embellished their sounding”, or “they struck Buki and crowned the Queen”. From set of historical sources it is possible to allocate Iranian “Visramiani”, in which is described how sounds of Buki pealed out when Ramin was going in military campaign.

Mostly, Buki was played in military campaigns. I.e. it was used in military operations and served as the alarm tool. Buki issues a very deafening (stunning) sound, particularly, it was played for this reason. by this sound solders were informing everyone about the beginnings of military actions, if the enemy came nearer or if the armies had to prepare for approach. In XII century this tool belonged the group of military tools.

The first historian of Queen Tamari’s period told, that when army have returned from Iran after victorious campaign to Georgia , the Queen met them solemnly: “Buki was making noise and cymbals were thundering”. Certainly, and then they well understood, that a sound of Buki was very strong and deafening. But sound of Buki during a feast basically expressed a celebration. This circumstance is well shown in the poem of Shota Rustaveli: “Buki and Cymbals were played to increase the sound of ring”.

In Samegrelo Buki was played on great holidays. For example, after celebrating mass when blessing water on a holiday of Easter, – all people went to nearest river to take part in this liturgy. Ahead of all went a clergyman, which held a flag, and behind him went two “Mebuke” (man playing on Buki) and the whole people.

Comments are closed.